My Personal Lamentations About Changes in the Health Food Industry and Some Practical Suggestions For Buying Healthy Food
by Steven H. Horne, RH (AHG)
My interest in the natural health movement started back in the 1970s. At that time, there were health food co-ops in many cities across the United States. You’d join the co-op by paying a monthly fee and get a discount on the products they offered. If you volunteered to help out at the co-op for a few hours every month, you’d get an additional discount.
For the short time my wife and I lived in Spokane, Washington, we belonged to a food co-op-our first co-op experience. They had a monthly newsletter where I first learned that refrigerating tomatoes caused them to lose flavor. Later, we participated in food co-ops in Ft. Collins, Colorado and Provo, Utah. In fact, the guy who started the co-op in Provo was a friend, who I encouraged to start the co-op when he told me he was thinking about it.
The co-ops gradually gave way to health food stores. Most of the early health food stores I saw primarily sold supplements (sort of like GNC). I could never figure out why they called them health “food” stores because they hardly had any food. However, I watched stores start appearing that actually focused on carrying food.
For example, a guy opened a nice little health food store on 2nd Avenue in Salt Lake City, not too far from where I grew up. I became friends with him and we were on a radio talk show together talking about the importance of eating whole foods for nutrition. (This was at the beginning of the 80’s.). I watched his small health food store grow into a chain of three or four health food stores. (He even opened one in Flagstaff, AZ.) Later, he was bought out by Wild Oats, as were many other small health food stores and co-ops across the countty.
Although I still like to shop at Wild Oats and Whole Foods, there was a different feeling in those early co-ops and health food stores. They didn’t have the “glitz” and “commercial” feeling of these big modern chains. They were an outgrowth of the hippie movement of the 60’s and had a rustic, back-to-nature, back-to-basics feeling about them-anti-establishment and antibig corporations. They typically featured barrels of whole grains and beans, jars of herbs, fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads, soymilk, fresh juices and other fairly staple foods. They also had products like Bragg’s vinegar, Dr. Bronner’s soap and Bernard Jensen’s Black Cherty Concentrate, but there weren’t a lot of prepared or convenience foods in them. The new health food stores are big chains, and now big corporations are part of the “health food” movement.
The people who ran these early businesses were seeking to return to a more basic and simple life. The guy who ran the health food stores in Salt Lake brought a bunch of friends from California to work with him on the project. They bought an apartment building, in which they all lived, and bought some acreage in south Salt Lake to start their own organic farm to grow produce for their own stores.
I remember going into the health food store in Salt Lake after Wild Oats had taken over. The first thing I noticed was that all of the whole grain breads had been replaced with products mostly made with “organic, unbleached white flour.” I asked one of the managers why there weren’t more whole grain breads. “There isn’t enough consumer demand,” he told me. “We have to educate people to want them, because what most people want is the white breads.”
I wondered about this, seeing that the previous health food store ONLY sold whole grain breads and had been steadily expanding. So, I don’t think the change had anything to do with consumer demand for organic white bread. It was just the effort of a large corporation to appeal to a larger market segment.
Today’s health food stores are a hybrid of “health food store” and “gourmet grocety store.” We’ve moved from the locally-supported co-op, where you got to know other like-minded people by working with them to meet your co-op work requirement, to the impersonal world of big corporate business. Although I still love to shop at stores like Whole Foods and Trader Joes (Wild Oats just got bought out by Whole Foods), I have to read the labels carefully. I didn’t 20 years ago.
The consciousness has shifted as well. Health food is now “big business,” and that concerns me. It’s not that I’m unhappy that mainstream America is becoming more health conscious. I’m delighted that the local Harmon’s grocety store has a large “health food” section, carries lots of organic produce, recently opened an in-store bakety that makes tastey breads with organic flour and even has a lovely salad bar. I can now purchase lots of items here in Saint George (like organic Rainbow chard) which I used to get at Whole Foods or Wild Oats in Las Vegas to obtain. However, as “health food” moves mainstream, I also watch the steady erosion of the ideals on which this movement was founded.
This is particularly evident when I go to the Whole Foods Expo in Anaheim each March, as I’ve done every year since moving to Saint George five years ago. The Expo has no relation to Whole Foods Markets-it is a trade show for health food stores. They feature speakers and thousands of booths offering organic food, vegetarian food, herbs, supplements, personal care products, pet products and other items that cater to the “health food” market. It is held in Anaheim each spring and Baltimore each fall. ( If you’ve never been to one, you should go. If you own a shop, it’s free to register.)
I go because I like to check out what’s happening in the industry, what the latest fads and trends are, and to look for interesting new products. Every year I find at least one item that catches my interest. Nature’s Sunshine sends home office representatives to the Expo for the same reason. I usually bump into someone from home office checking out industry trends. Oh, and I also bump into some old friends from time to time, too.
I must confess, however, that all the reasons for attending this event are really just excuses to justifY my main reason for attending, which is to sample the food. I never need to eat lunch when I’m at the Expo. I just head over to the food area and start “grazing.” There are samples of grass fed beef, all-natural chicken, organic ice cream, vegetarian foods, vegan foods, food bars, chocolate bars, teas, salsa, chips, drinks, soups, cheeses, breads and of course, prepared entrees.
This year, I could really see the “organic” trend. “Organic” is hot. In fact, it’s so hot that the giant food conglomerates are launching their own lines of “organic” foods. Wal-Mart, as you may realize, has decided to carry organic foods. Frito-Lay now has a line of “organic” chips. These are just a few examples, but organic is now big business, and that means I trust it less.
I don’t know why I’m gifted to be able to see trends, but maybe it’s just because I keep my eyes open. For instance, I knew that as soon as the Federal government took over the organic certification that the organic movement was going to be “watered down.” Already, big businesses are lobbying to have milk from cloned cows qualifY for the organic label and other such nonsense. Plus, it’s very easy for big corporations to pay regulators to “look the other way” for minor infractions of the regulations.
But, that’s not the only problem I see with the big-business organic movement. I can see the trend because I’ve been seeing it for years. “Organic” and “natural” are now being used to make highly processed convenience foods appear to be healthy. It’s amazing to me how many “health foods” contain organic white flour, organic refined sugar and even chemical ingredients like sucralose. The organic movement also features lots and lots of convenience foods.
I don’t want to appear negative about this, because I’m not. I just want to clarifY a few things so people aren’t misled. So, here are four points to consider when looking for healthy food.
1. Complex Carbohydrates are Healthy, Refined Carbohydrates are Not, Even if They are Organic
The good part of all this is that good sources of complex carbohydrates-organically grown fruits and vegetables and whole grains and beans are now readily available. These are the carbohydrates we need, particularly the fruits and vegetables.
But, let’s get real. Have refined sugar, white flour and white rice suddenly become healthy just because they were made from organically-grown whole wheat, sugar cane or beets or brown rice? Of course not!
Organic agriculture isn’t just about growing food without pesticides and other chemicals; it’s about learning to work in co-operation with nature instead of fighting nature. Organic agriculture is about building up the health of the soil so that the foods grown on them will have more nutritional value. Our health begins with the health of the soil, which creates health in the plants and animals raised on that soil, which, in turn contributes to our health as we consume these healthy plants and animals.
One loses most of the benefit of this organic food when it’s processed to strip away its nutritional content. So, don’t be duped. It’s not that having a little unbleached wheat flour or white rice once in a while is going to kill you. It isn’t. But, I still favor my whole grain flours, natural sugars and brown rice for regular use, and so should you if you’re interested in good health. We need whole foods, not just chemical-free foods.
2. The More Processed a Food is, The Less Nutritional Value It Provides Us
Obviously, this is an extension of the “complex carbohydrate” discussion, but what I’m talking about here is convenience foods. As I mentioned, there is a huge trend in the health food and organic movement towards convenience foods. I understand, we all have busy lives and sometimes we just don’t have time to prepare meals.
While I’m very glad that I can get healthier versions of some convenience foods, I don’t make the mistake of thinking these convenience foods are the optimal route to health. I like tomato soup, but rarely have time to make my own, so I’m glad I can buy Pacific’s Creamy Tomato or Roasted Tomato and Red Pepper, instead of canned condensed tomato soup. However, we need to keep in mind that all processing does result in some nutritional loss. So, if we freeze, can or dty a food it suffers some nutritional loss. However, food has to be preserved some way, so we can put up with some of this loss.
However, when they make pre-packaged meals, they are starting with foods that have already been preserved through freezing, canning or dtying and mixing them into a meal which is then processed again by freezing, canning or dtying. So, we’ve lost nutritional value a second time. The truth is, that pre-packaged meals will never be quite as healthy as meals we make ourselves, but I also realize that we live in a busy world and if we must use convenience foods, it’s nice that we at least have more convenience foods made with healthier ingredients.
Still, if you take these foods and heat them in the microwave, then you’re going to lose nutritional value again. It’s sad that people don’t realize how much damage microwaves do to the nutritional value of food. For example, I saw a booth at the Expo promoting fresh, organically grown baby food. This baby food hadn’t been processed through canning. It was refrigerated and fresh. However, the booth was advertising, “Just warm it in the microwave.” In other words, take this really healthy food and “nuke” it to kill some of its nutritional content before feeding it to your kid. We still have a lot of educating to do.
3. Fresh is Best, Which Means That Sometimes Locally-Grown May Be Healthier Than Organically-Grown
One of the problems the small co-ops and early health food stores sought to address was the environmental issues surrounding our food supply. For instance, why do we ship Florida oranges to California and California oranges to Florida? There is a lot of air pollution generated in this process of moving food around. It also means that the “fresh” produce sitting in the supermarket, really isn’t that fresh. Most likely it’s about 14 days old. That’s the average time it takes for the average produce item to reach the supermarket shelf after it has been picked.
For some foods, like apples, squash, potatoes, onions, etc. this isn’t much of an issue. These foods store well, and so they ship well. However, for many fresh fruits, tomatoes, peas, green beans, lettuce and other more fragile foods, this means there is a lot of nutrient-loss during shipping. There is also a loss of flavor. In the case of fruits like apricots, peaches and tomatoes, the only way these foods can be shipped is if they are picked green. This means they never had the chance to develop their proper flavor. Plus, varieties are selected based on what ships the best, not what tastes the best.
This loss of flavor is one reason why I believe many people don’t eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. As I write this, I’ve been out working in my garden. So far, I’ve planted carrots, beets, onions, parsnips, turnips, spinach, lettuce, radishes, chard, green beans, zucchini, cucumbers, cantaloupe (not the musk melons we buy in the store, but the actual cantaloupes that are grown in France), pumpkins, Jerusalem artichokes, shallots, potatoes, corn, tomatoes, bell peppers, rhubarb and egg plant. I’ve still got more tomatoes, peppers and potatoes to plant.
I haven’t sat down and put pencil to paper, but considering all of the money I’ve spent on fertilizers, compost, equipment, irrigation supplies, plants and seeds, I’ll probably wind up spending more growing my own food than I would purchasing it at the grocery store. However, I can’t buy food that good at the grocety store. You can sometimes find really fresh produce at Farmers’ markets, but rarely at the grocety store, unless they stock locally grown produce. (And don’t be afraid to ask local farmers at the farmers’ markets about their farming and fertilization methods!)
A fresh-picked tomato, or green pepper or carrot or green bean from my own garden tastes completely different than anything I can buy at the grocery store. Plus, I love to grow varieties that you don’t often see at the grocery store. I’ve planted 11 varieties of potatoes, four varieties of carrots (orange, red and yellow), three varieties of beets (yellow, red, and red and white striped) which are all doing well.
I’m vety glad that the owners of the Whole Foods chain has decided to dedicate part of the store to locally grown food. It’s a sign that even big businesses are starting to acquire some of the values that made the early co-ops and health food stores so appealing to me. But, the bottom line for me is this-if I have my choice between locally grown, conventional produce and organically-grown produce that’s been shipped half-way across the country, I’ll buy locally-grown and wash it to remove pesticide residues. You don’t know what produce is supposed to taste like if you haven’t eaten it right after it’s been harvested.
4. Home-Cooked Food is Better than Pre- Packaged Foods
By now, this should be obvious, but I wish to reinforce the concept by telling you a little about my personal experiences. I love to cook. I never grew up, so I still like to “play” with my food. Chopping vegetables, mixing up a cake or cookie dough and other kitchen activities are fun for me.
However, for a time, I just didn’t have time to do much cooking. So, I relied on more convenience foods. I did buy these convenience foods as much as possible from the health food store or at least the health food section of my grocery store. And, even though I was eating healthier versions of these convenience foods, I still didn’t have the energy that I did when I was fixing my own food. The same thing happens when I travel and have to eat in restaurants-I notice a drop in my health and energy levels.
Recently, I’ve decided that enough is enough. I decided I didn’t care if it takes extra time — I was going to start fixing more fresh food, and I did. I broke out the juicer and started making fresh fruit and vegetable juices instead of drinking the bottled ones. I’ve made my own stock and made soups in a crock pot. I’ve steamed more fresh vegetables. I’ve packed my own lunches instead of eating out. And, as I previously indicated, I’ve been expanding my garden, which is giving me both fresh food and exercise.
Already, my energy level is improving. My supplements are working better, and my head is clearer and I’m being more productive with the time remaining.
But, there is another thing I notice. It’s a more subtle, perhaps even spiritual benefit-a greater sense of connection with the food I’m eating. Food preparation for me is an act of love. If you believe in the intangible (as I do), then there is a subtle energy in a home-cooked meal that was lovingly prepared that’s different from something made in a factory.
That sense of relationship is even deeper when I’ve grown the food myself. When I pluck a fresh carrot from my garden, I not only get food of a quality that I cannot buy, I also have a sense of connection to the forces that produced my food-the earth, the water, the sun. For me it is a “rich” feeling to harvest food my own garden, a sense of “wealth” greater than a high balance
in my checking account. I just don’t get the same feeling when I open a can. (The exception to that being opening a jar of food I bottled myself.)
I feel sorry that so many people in our society are missing the wonderful feeling of satisfaction that comes from growing, harvesting and preparing fresh food. It’s not just healthier for the body, it’s healthier for the soul.
5. Unless You’re Bankrupt, Finances Shouldn’t Stop You from Eating Healthy
Many people look at the increased cost of “health food” and feel they just can’t afford it. Well, if they are looking at convenience foods, that is a valid issue. However, if they would stop buying the soda pop, chips and other processed convenience foods and just purchase fresh fruits and vegetables and bulk grains, beans and nuts from the regular grocery store, they would save money on groceries. They should just wash the fruits and vegetables in a little Sunshine Concentrate (or other natural soap) to remove pesticides.
If time is a problem, buy a vegetable steamer and a crock pot. They are great investments for being able to prepare healthy meals without spending a lot of time in the kitchen. Many times, I’ve put various chopped vegetables and some meat into a crock pot in the morning to come home to a tasty soup in the evening. You can also soak beans overnight, then rinse them the next morning, add some veggies or meat and let them cook through the day. Again, you’ll come home to a healthy, readyto-eat dinner.
With the vegetable steamer, you can cut up your veggies, set the timer on the steamer and work on other things. The steamer automatically shuts off and you have some perfectly steamed vegetables that are both tasty and healthy.
Eating these whole foods and preparing them yourself will save money for two reasons. First, these foods are much cheaper than prepared foods, and secondly, because you’ll eat less. Whole foods are more satisfYing and filling. But, there’s an even bigger bonus-you’ll have more energy and think more clearly, too. This will help you financially because you’ll be able to be more creative with earning money and managing it, too. So, the bottom line is-you can actually save money by eating healthy foods as long as you aren’t going for the convenience items.
I guess there’s really no reason for me to be “singing the blues” about the changes that have taken place in the “health food” indus tty. But, I do like to keep my eyes open and not blindly trust something just because the label says it’s “natural” or “organic.” One thing hasn’t changed since those early co-op days, however, and that is my firm conviction that whole, natural, properly grown foods are vitally important to our health and well-being. You just have to look closely to make sure you’re getting the real thing.